Periyar National Park is located at the Tamil Nadu-Kerala border in India. This Tiger Reserve lies 155 km from Madurai and is host to many animals and birds. The Park came to existence because of the love of the Maharaja of Travancore for nature. Amidst the high ranges of Western Ghats and Savannah grasslands, the sanctuary is situated on the bank of Lake Periyar, which is surely a nature's delight. Periyar Lake was constructed by the British in 1895 and now holds great importance for both the wildlife of the park as well its visitors.
Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary is the abode of animals like Sambars,
Tigers, Gaurs, Lion Tailed Macaques, Nilgiri Langurs, etc and was
declared a Tiger Reserve in 1978. The park is famous for its herd of
Wild Elephants, which come, to the lake for water. Periyar Lake holds
population of Travancore Tortoise and Black Turtle. The park provides
the closest possible encounters with the wild animals, via boating in
the Periyar Lake. It is the only sanctuary in the country to do so.
Tourists can also enjoy activities like elephant rides and trekking.
Apart from this, Periyar National Park is a paradise for the bird
watchers. Due to its natural surroundings, the park attracts a number of
birds, some of which are resident, while some are migratory. More than
260 species of birds are found here. Some of the names of major species
include Nilgiri Wood Pigeons, Black-winged Kite, Blue-winged Parakeets,
Great Indian Hornbill, White-bellied Tree Pies, Laughing Thrushes, Fly
Catchers, Darters, Cormorants, Barbets and Plovers, among many others.
There are also, two unique species found at Periyar, Flying Snake and